In various cities around the world, combating road traffic accidents through infrastructural reforms began in the 1990s. It was during this time in Sweden that the Vision Zero
program ("Zero Deaths") emerged — a program with zero tolerance for deaths on the roads. The highest value of the program is human life.
The program is aimed at creating a transportation environment where the goal
is to prevent deaths or serious injuries on the roads. Within Vision Zero, speed limits are implemented on city streets, safe infrastructure is created, and the use of safe transportation is promoted.
For instance, one of the program's principles — "infrastructure separation of road users and control over them" — involves ensuring that pedestrians, cyclists, vehicles, and public transportation are taken into account and have the ability to move safely.
Another principle, such as "predictability and simplicity of the road environment," obliges the creation of an intuitively understandable road environment, even for a child.
Moreover, the key ethical postulate of Vision Zero is the acknowledgment that "people are prone to making mistakes." "Machines are not operated by perfect robots but ordinary people. Therefore, road infrastructure should take into account mistakes and adapt to humans, rather than expecting humans to adapt to it. The road should not take lives from people for their mistakes but should mitigate their consequences," explains
Aziza Talaspayeva, a traffic organization specialist from Kazakhstan.
In Central Asia, urbanists from Kazakhstan were the first to promote this concept
, and in 2019, the city administration of Almaty took it seriously
. Since then, the city has implemented safety islands, sidewalk protrusions, separate bike lanes isolated from cars, and has also embarked on reducing speeds
to 30-50 km/h instead of 40-60 km/h.
The Zero Vision strategy and the regulation of laws necessary for it are also considered
in the development program of Almaty until 2025.